Egypt is the cradle of civilization, the beacon of religion and the gateway to Africa. Cairo is the foremost capital on the African continent and lies at the center of all routes leading to, and from the capitals of the three continents: Asia, Africa and Europe.
Egypt, for over fifty centuries, engendered the development of culture and civilization: Pharaonic, Christian and Islamic; and, all during those long years, has generously contributed, (and received) to Europe. Consequently, when in Cairo – the capital of Egypt – you will never, not even for a moment, feel a lonely traveler! In fact, you will enjoy traveling through time, from one period to another, exhilarated by the history of those who remained immortal, though their bodies were laid to rest thousands of years ago. Cairo, which has enfolded various civilizations, does not concede to mortality which it has overcome.
Cairo, the city where past and present meet, invites you to come and enjoy its beautiful all-year weather, and visit the immortal monuments and relics, especially the ancient pyramids, in Giza.
The Egyptian museum in Cairo was established by the Egyptian government 1835; the present museum building was built in 1900,
This is one of the World’s greatest Museums. It allows the visitor to become acquainted with the Antiquities of Egypt’s Pharaonic Periods. Monuments on display date back some 50 Centuries before our time. The most famous and exciting in this Museum is the magnificent “Tut Ankh Amun ” collection. This Museum holds around 250,000 items that tell the story of Old Egypt. There also stands a statue of “Akhenaton “, the Father of Monotheism and another statue of “Nefertari “, his wife
It lies in the center of El Gezira and its 187 m high. The visitor of this Tower can see the whole Cairo. It has also a restaurant and café. This Lotus-Shaped tower, built during the “Nasser” Era, it offers a panoramic view of the City including the Barrage to the North, Giza, Saqqara and Dahshur Plateaus to the West.
Islamic Monuments in Cairo:
The Mosque of Amr Ibn Al-Aas
It’s the first Mosque built in Egypt in the Fostat region. Inhabiting also the oldest Islamic University, it continued to import its message through nine Centuries.
The Mosque of Ibn Touloun
It was the third Mosque built in Egypt in the district of “Sayeda Zeinab “. It distinctive in its huge dimensions and possesses a rich collection of gypsum ornamentation. Its Minaret is unique in Egypt as an external staircase distinguishes it.
Sultan Hassan Mosque
At the end of Al-Qalaa Street (Citadel St.), it was built by “Sultan Al-Naser Hasan Ibn Qalawoon” as a Mosque and School for the four Islamic Sects.
Salah Al-Din’s Citadel
It was constructed by “Salah Al-Din “in 1183 AD to dominate Cairo from the Mokkatam Hills and fortify the City against the Crusaders. It comprises a number of important monuments, among which is the Mosque of “Soleiman Pasha “, The Alabaster Mosque and Joseph’s Well.
It is the first Fatimi Mosque in Cairo in the center of a region abounding in the finest of Islamic Monuments. The Mosque in its present form comprises a group of buildings erected during various eras. Al-Azhar University is one of the oldest in the World. The first Lecture was given there in 975 AD. It’s still regarded as the School of Imamas and Leaders of political revolution and religious reform movements.
Islamic Art Museum
It is considered the largest museum in the Middle East. It contains 80,000 rare artistic antiquities since the dawn of Islam till the end of the Ottoman Period. It also contains two new halls for textile, rare golden and silver Coins and Royal medals.
The Museum is also provided with a library, which contains all that was written about the history of rare Koreans, including the largest Koran in Kufi.
Christian Monuments in Cairo :
The Church of Abu Serga
Its history dates back to the beginnings of the 5th Century AD. It was built in the Basilica style above the cave in which the Holy Family took refuge and which is considered the goal of many visitors in search of Divine blessing.
Al Mo’allaqa Church
It was built in the 5th Century in the Basilica style. It was referred to as the hanging Church because it was built as if suspended from the wall of the Roman Fort of Babylon. It is rich of beautiful antiquities from the early Christian era. It’s one of the oldest churches in Egypt and is still used for worship services on Fridays and Sundays.
The Church of the Virgin
Its history dates back to the 8th Century AD and was rebuilt in the 10th Century.
The Church of Saint Barbara: It was built in the 4th Century and rebuilt in the 10th Century. It is dedicated to “Saint Barbara” whom legend says that her pagan father for converting to Christianity killed her. Relics of both “Saint Barbara” and “Saint Catherine” are supposed to rest here.
The Coptic Museum
This Museum contains a collection of rare antiquities from one of the earliest Christian Communities in the World. It holds a collection of valuable pieces of architecture, Knit artifacts, Icons and old Manuscripts. This Museum was founded in 1910 and offers the most extensive collection of Coptic Artifacts in the World.