Sinai-by its geographical location-is the junction between Asia and Africa. It is shaped like an inverted triangle, with the base stretching between Rafah and Port Said, in the north, and the apex, Ras Mohammed, in the south.
This prominent and strategic position of the Sinai Peninsula has made it, since the dawn of history, the gateway to Egypt from the east. Sinai’s history goes back to the Pharaohs who explored its land, searching for gold, copper and turquoise. Thus, it came to be known as the Land of Turquoise. Sinai is rich in scenery. To the north, palm-shaded sandy beaches stretch along the Mediterranean shore. Along the Gulfs of Aqaba and Suez, soft golden sands surround bays of clear blue water, there are tourist villages and fishing and snorkeling centers, where the waters are rich with rare marine life and exquisite coral reefs sweet water springs are scattered throughout Sinai. In the south, the towering mountains with their beautiful reddish colored rocks are surrounded by huge valleys leading to the Holy Mountain. Sinai also boasts of various medicinal plants and different kinds of indigenous and migrating birds. Because of its geological nature, Sinai was divided administratively into the twin North and South Sinai Governorates, with Al-Arish and Al-Tor as their respective capitals.
Lies about 150 km. south -east of Abu Rodeis on a high plateau 2500 meters above sea level. It is considered the center of religious tourism in Sinai . Nearby lies the Monastery of St. Catherine dating back to the 6th century. This town is famous for its orchards and plentiful water. Its airport is equipped for small and medium size aircraft.